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Last Commit
Apr. 20, 2018
Created
Aug. 15, 2017

FlashText

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This module can be used to replace keywords in sentences or extract keywords from sentences. It is based on the FlashText algorithm.

Installation

$ pip install flashtext

API doc

Documentation can be found at FlashText Read the Docs.

Usage

Extract keywords
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> # keyword_processor.add_keyword(<unclean name>, <standardised name>)
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Big Apple', 'New York')
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Bay Area')
>>> keywords_found = keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I love Big Apple and Bay Area.')
>>> keywords_found
>>> # ['New York', 'Bay Area']
Replace keywords
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('New Delhi', 'NCR region')
>>> new_sentence = keyword_processor.replace_keywords('I love Big Apple and new delhi.')
>>> new_sentence
>>> # 'I love New York and NCR region.'
Case Sensitive example
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor(case_sensitive=True)
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Big Apple', 'New York')
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Bay Area')
>>> keywords_found = keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I love big Apple and Bay Area.')
>>> keywords_found
>>> # ['Bay Area']
Span of keywords extracted
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Big Apple', 'New York')
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Bay Area')
>>> keywords_found = keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I love big Apple and Bay Area.', span_info=True)
>>> keywords_found
>>> # [('New York', 7, 16), ('Bay Area', 21, 29)]
Get Extra information with keywords extracted
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> kp = KeywordProcessor()
>>> kp.add_keyword('Taj Mahal', ('Monument', 'Taj Mahal'))
>>> kp.add_keyword('Delhi', ('Location', 'Delhi'))
>>> kp.extract_keywords('Taj Mahal is in Delhi.')
>>> # [('Monument', 'Taj Mahal'), ('Location', 'Delhi')]
>>> # NOTE: replace_keywords feature won't work with this.
No clean name for Keywords
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Big Apple')
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Bay Area')
>>> keywords_found = keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I love big Apple and Bay Area.')
>>> keywords_found
>>> # ['Big Apple', 'Bay Area']
Add Multiple Keywords simultaneously
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_dict = {
>>>     "java": ["java_2e", "java programing"],
>>>     "product management": ["PM", "product manager"]
>>> }
>>> # {'clean_name': ['list of unclean names']}
>>> keyword_processor.add_keywords_from_dict(keyword_dict)
>>> # Or add keywords from a list:
>>> keyword_processor.add_keywords_from_list(["java", "python"])
>>> keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I am a product manager for a java_2e platform')
>>> # output ['product management', 'java']
To Remove keywords
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_dict = {
>>>     "java": ["java_2e", "java programing"],
>>>     "product management": ["PM", "product manager"]
>>> }
>>> keyword_processor.add_keywords_from_dict(keyword_dict)
>>> print(keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I am a product manager for a java_2e platform'))
>>> # output ['product management', 'java']
>>> keyword_processor.remove_keyword('java_2e')
>>> # you can also remove keywords from a list/ dictionary
>>> keyword_processor.remove_keywords_from_dict({"product management": ["PM"]})
>>> keyword_processor.remove_keywords_from_list(["java programing"])
>>> keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I am a product manager for a java_2e platform')
>>> # output ['product management']
To check Number of terms in KeywordProcessor
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_dict = {
>>>     "java": ["java_2e", "java programing"],
>>>     "product management": ["PM", "product manager"]
>>> }
>>> keyword_processor.add_keywords_from_dict(keyword_dict)
>>> print(len(keyword_processor))
>>> # output 4
To check if term is present in KeywordProcessor
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('j2ee', 'Java')
>>> 'j2ee' in keyword_processor
>>> # output: True
>>> keyword_processor.get_keyword('j2ee')
>>> # output: Java
>>> keyword_processor['colour'] = 'color'
>>> keyword_processor['colour']
>>> # output: color
Get all keywords in dictionary
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('j2ee', 'Java')
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('colour', 'color')
>>> keyword_processor.get_all_keywords()
>>> # output: {'colour': 'color', 'j2ee': 'Java'}

For detecting Word Boundary currently any character other than this \w [A-Za-z0-9_] is considered a word boundary.

To set or add characters as part of word characters
>>> from flashtext import KeywordProcessor
>>> keyword_processor = KeywordProcessor()
>>> keyword_processor.add_keyword('Big Apple')
>>> print(keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I love Big Apple/Bay Area.'))
>>> # ['Big Apple']
>>> keyword_processor.add_non_word_boundary('/')
>>> print(keyword_processor.extract_keywords('I love Big Apple/Bay Area.'))
>>> # []

Test

$ git clone https://github.com/vi3k6i5/flashtext
$ cd flashtext
$ pip install pytest
$ python setup.py test

Build Docs

$ git clone https://github.com/vi3k6i5/flashtext
$ cd flashtext/docs
$ pip install sphinx
$ make html
$ # open _build/html/index.html in browser to view it locally

Why not Regex?

It's a custom algorithm based on Aho-Corasick algorithm and Trie Dictionary.

Benchmark

Time taken by FlashText to find terms in comparison to Regex.

https://thepracticaldev.s3.amazonaws.com/i/xruf50n6z1r37ti8rd89.png

Time taken by FlashText to replace terms in comparison to Regex.

https://thepracticaldev.s3.amazonaws.com/i/k44ghwp8o712dm58debj.png

Link to code for benchmarking the Find Feature and Replace Feature.

The idea for this library came from the following StackOverflow question.

Citation

The original paper published on FlashText algorithm.

@ARTICLE{2017arXiv171100046S,
   author = {{Singh}, V.},
    title = "{Replace or Retrieve Keywords In Documents at Scale}",
  journal = {ArXiv e-prints},
archivePrefix = "arXiv",
   eprint = {1711.00046},
 primaryClass = "cs.DS",
 keywords = {Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms},
     year = 2017,
    month = oct,
   adsurl = {http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2017arXiv171100046S},
  adsnote = {Provided by the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System}
}

The article published on Medium freeCodeCamp.

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License

The project is licensed under the MIT license.