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Author
Last Commit
Dec. 16, 2018
Created
Feb. 21, 2018

Optuna: A hyperparameter optimization framework

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Optuna is an automatic hyperparameter optimization software framework, particularly designed for machine learning. It features an imperative, define-by-run style user API. Thanks to our define-by-run API, the code written with Optuna enjoys high modularity, and the user of Optuna can dynamically construct the search spaces for the hyperparameters.

Key Features

Optuna has modern functionalities as follows:

  • Parallel distributed optimization
  • Pruning of unpromising trials
  • Web dashboard

Basic Concepts

We use the terms study and trial as follows:

  • Study: optimization based on an objective function
  • Trial: a single execution of the objective function

Please refer to sample code below. The goal of a study is to find out the optimal set of hyperparameter values (e.g., classifier and svm_c) through multiple trials (e.g., n_trials=100). Optuna is a framework designed for the automation and the acceleration of the optimization studies.

import ...

# Define an objective function to be minimized.
def objective(trial):

    # Invoke suggest methods of a Trial object to generate hyperparameters.
    classifier_name = trial.suggest_categorical('classifier', ['SVC', 'RandomForest'])
    if classifier_name == 'SVC':
        svc_c = trial.suggest_loguniform('svc_c', 1e-10, 1e10)
        classifier_obj = sklearn.svm.SVC(C=svc_c)
    else:
        rf_max_depth = trial.suggest_int('rf_max_depth', 2, 32)
        classifier_obj = sklearn.ensemble.RandomForestClassifier(max_depth=rf_max_depth)

    iris = sklearn.datasets.load_iris()
    x, y = iris.data , iris.target
    score = sklearn.model_selection.cross_val_score(classifier_obj , x, y)
    accuracy = score.mean()
    
    return 1.0 - accuracy  # A objective value linked with the Trial object.

study = optuna.create_study()  # Create a new study.
study.optimize(objective , n_trials=100)  # Invoke optimization of the objective function.

Installation

To install Optuna, use pip as follows:

$ pip install optuna

Optuna supports Python 2.7 and Python 3.4 or newer.

Contribution

Any contributions to Optuna are welcome! When you send a pull request, please follow the contribution guide.

License

MIT License (see LICENSE).

Latest Releases
v0.5.0
 Dec. 13 2018
v0.4.0
 Dec. 2 2018
v0.3.0
 Nov. 14 2018
v0.2.1
 Sep. 6 2018
v0.2.0
 Aug. 15 2018