Semantic Segmentation Suite in TensorFlow
This repository serves as a Semantic Segmentation Suite. The goal is to easily be able to implement, train, and test new Semantic Segmentation models! Complete with the following:
- Training and testing modes
- Data augmentation
- Several state-of-the-art models. Easily plug and play with different models
- Able to use any dataset
- Evaluation including precision, recall, f1 score, average accuracy, per-class accuracy, and mean IoU
- Plotting of loss function and accuracy over epochs
Any suggestions to improve this repository, including any new segmentation models you would like to see are welcome!
You can also check out my Transfer Learning Suite.
If you find this repository useful, please consider citing it using a link to the repo :)
The following feature extraction models are currently made available:
The following segmentation models are currently made available:
Encoder-Decoder based on SegNet. This network uses a VGG-style encoder-decoder, where the upsampling in the decoder is done using transposed convolutions.
Encoder-Decoder with skip connections based on SegNet. This network uses a VGG-style encoder-decoder, where the upsampling in the decoder is done using transposed convolutions. In addition, it employs additive skip connections from the encoder to the decoder.
Mobile UNet for Semantic Segmentation. Combining the ideas of MobileNets Depthwise Separable Convolutions with UNet to build a high speed, low parameter Semantic Segmentation model.
Pyramid Scene Parsing Network. In this paper, the capability of global context information by different-region based context aggregation is applied through a pyramid pooling module together with the proposed pyramid scene parsing network (PSPNet). Note that the original PSPNet uses a ResNet with dilated convolutions, but the one is this respository has only a regular ResNet.
The One Hundred Layers Tiramisu: Fully Convolutional DenseNets for Semantic Segmentation. Uses a downsampling-upsampling style encoder-decoder network. Each stage i.e between the pooling layers uses dense blocks. In addition, it concatenated skip connections from the encoder to the decoder. In the code, this is the FC-DenseNet model.
Rethinking Atrous Convolution for Semantic Image Segmentation. This is the DeepLabV3 network. Uses Atrous Spatial Pyramid Pooling to capture multi-scale context by using multiple atrous rates. This creates a large receptive field.
RefineNet: Multi-Path Refinement Networks for High-Resolution Semantic Segmentation. A multi-path refinement network that explicitly exploits all the information available along the down-sampling process to enable high-resolution prediction using long-range residual connections. In this way, the deeper layers that capture high-level semantic features can be directly refined using fine-grained features from earlier convolutions.
Full-Resolution Residual Networks for Semantic Segmentation in Street Scenes. Combines multi-scale context with pixel-level accuracy by using two processing streams within the network. The residual stream carries information at the full image resolution, enabling precise adherence to segment boundaries. The pooling stream undergoes a sequence of pooling operations to obtain robust features for recognition. The two streams are coupled at the full image resolution using residuals. In the code, this is the FRRN model.
Large Kernel Matters -- Improve Semantic Segmentation by Global Convolutional Network. Proposes a Global Convolutional Network to address both the classification and localization issues for the semantic segmentation. Uses large separable kernals to expand the receptive field, plus a boundary refinement block to further improve localization performance near boundaries.
AdapNet: Adaptive Semantic Segmentation in Adverse Environmental Conditions Modifies the ResNet50 architecture by performing the lower resolution processing using a multi-scale strategy with atrous convolutions. This is a slightly modified version using bilinear upscaling instead of transposed convolutions as I found it gave better results.
ICNet for Real-Time Semantic Segmentation on High-Resolution Images. Proposes a compressed-PSPNet-based image cascade network (ICNet) that incorporates multi-resolution branches under proper label guidance to address this challenge. Most of the processing is done at low resolution for high speed and the multi-scale auxillary loss helps get an accurate model. Note that for this model, I have implemented the network but have not integrated its training yet
Encoder-Decoder with Atrous Separable Convolution for Semantic Image Segmentation. This is the DeepLabV3+ network which adds a Decoder module on top of the regular DeepLabV3 model.
DenseASPP for Semantic Segmentation in Street Scenes. Combines many different scales using dilated convolution but with dense connections
Dense Decoder Shortcut Connections for Single-Pass Semantic Segmentation. Dense Decoder Shorcut Connections using dense connectivity in the decoder stage of the segmentation model. Note: this network takes a bit of extra time to load due to the construction of the ResNeXt blocks
BiSeNet: Bilateral Segmentation Network for Real-time Semantic Segmentation. BiSeNet use a Spatial Path with a small stride to preserve the spatial information and generate high-resolution features while having a parallel Context Path with a fast downsampling strategy to obtain sufficient receptive field.
Or make your own and plug and play!
Files and Directories
train.py: Training on the dataset of your choice. Default is CamVid
test.py: Testing on the dataset of your choice. Default is CamVid
predict.py: Use your newly trained model to run a prediction on a single image
helper.py: Quick helper functions for data preparation and visualization
utils.py: Utilities for printing, debugging, testing, and evaluation
models: Folder containing all model files. Use this to build your models, or use a pre-built one
CamVid: The CamVid datatset for Semantic Segmentation as a test bed. This is the 32 class version
checkpoints: Checkpoint files for each epoch during training
Test: Test results including images, per-class accuracies, precision, recall, and f1 score
This project has the following dependencies:
sudo pip install numpy
sudo apt-get install python-opencv
sudo pip install --upgrade tensorflow-gpu
The only thing you have to do to get started is set up the folders in the following structure:
├── "dataset_name" | ├── train | ├── train_labels | ├── val | ├── val_labels | ├── test | ├── test_labels
Put a text file under the dataset directory called "class_dict.csv" which contains the list of classes along with the R, G, B colour labels to visualize the segmentation results. This kind of dictionairy is usually supplied with the dataset. Here is an example for the CamVid dataset:
name,r,g,b Animal,64,128,64 Archway,192,0,128 Bicyclist,0,128, 192 Bridge,0, 128, 64 Building,128, 0, 0 Car,64, 0, 128 CartLuggagePram,64, 0, 192 Child,192, 128, 64 Column_Pole,192, 192, 128 Fence,64, 64, 128 LaneMkgsDriv,128, 0, 192 LaneMkgsNonDriv,192, 0, 64 Misc_Text,128, 128, 64 MotorcycleScooter,192, 0, 192 OtherMoving,128, 64, 64 ParkingBlock,64, 192, 128 Pedestrian,64, 64, 0 Road,128, 64, 128 RoadShoulder,128, 128, 192 Sidewalk,0, 0, 192 SignSymbol,192, 128, 128 Sky,128, 128, 128 SUVPickupTruck,64, 128,192 TrafficCone,0, 0, 64 TrafficLight,0, 64, 64 Train,192, 64, 128 Tree,128, 128, 0 Truck_Bus,192, 128, 192 Tunnel,64, 0, 64 VegetationMisc,192, 192, 0 Void,0, 0, 0 Wall,64, 192, 0
Note: If you are using any of the networks that rely on a pre-trained ResNet, then you will need to download the pre-trained weights using the provided script. These are currently: PSPNet, RefineNet, DeepLabV3, DeepLabV3+, GCN.
Then you can simply run
train.py! Check out the optional command line arguments:
usage: train.py [-h] [--num_epochs NUM_EPOCHS] [--checkpoint_step CHECKPOINT_STEP] [--validation_step VALIDATION_STEP] [--image IMAGE] [--continue_training CONTINUE_TRAINING] [--dataset DATASET] [--crop_height CROP_HEIGHT] [--crop_width CROP_WIDTH] [--batch_size BATCH_SIZE] [--num_val_images NUM_VAL_IMAGES] [--h_flip H_FLIP] [--v_flip V_FLIP] [--brightness BRIGHTNESS] [--rotation ROTATION] [--model MODEL] [--frontend FRONTEND] optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --num_epochs NUM_EPOCHS Number of epochs to train for --checkpoint_step CHECKPOINT_STEP How often to save checkpoints (epochs) --validation_step VALIDATION_STEP How often to perform validation (epochs) --image IMAGE The image you want to predict on. Only valid in "predict" mode. --continue_training CONTINUE_TRAINING Whether to continue training from a checkpoint --dataset DATASET Dataset you are using. --crop_height CROP_HEIGHT Height of cropped input image to network --crop_width CROP_WIDTH Width of cropped input image to network --batch_size BATCH_SIZE Number of images in each batch --num_val_images NUM_VAL_IMAGES The number of images to used for validations --h_flip H_FLIP Whether to randomly flip the image horizontally for data augmentation --v_flip V_FLIP Whether to randomly flip the image vertically for data augmentation --brightness BRIGHTNESS Whether to randomly change the image brightness for data augmentation. Specifies the max bightness change as a factor between 0.0 and 1.0. For example, 0.1 represents a max brightness change of 10% (+-). --rotation ROTATION Whether to randomly rotate the image for data augmentation. Specifies the max rotation angle in degrees. --model MODEL The model you are using. See model_builder.py for supported models --frontend FRONTEND The frontend you are using. See frontend_builder.py for supported models
These are some sample results for the CamVid dataset with 11 classes (previous research version).
In training, I used a batch size of 1 and image size of 352x480. The following results are for the FC-DenseNet103 model trained for 300 epochs. I used RMSProp with learning rate 0.001 and decay 0.995. I did not use any data augmentation like in the paper. I also didn't use any class balancing. These are just some quick and dirty example results.
Note that the checkpoint files are not uploaded to this repository since they are too big for GitHub (greater than 100 MB)
|Class||Original Accuracy||My Accuracy|
|Loss vs Epochs||Val. Acc. vs Epochs|